spend的过去式_spend的过去式和过去分词

spend的过去式
With Daniel ___,his parents went abroad to spend vacation as planned.

  • A.left in charge B.were left in chargeC.left in the charge D.leaving in charge答案是A,对于D有问题
  • 此句的主句为过去式,同时根据句意判断出with后用过去分词

英语动词变现在分词的形式有哪些

  • 英语动词变现在分词的形式有哪些
  • 规则动词的过去式由“动词原形+-ed”构成,具体变化有:1.直接在词尾加-ed.如:want—wanted,work—worked,need—needed,clean—cleaned 2.以不发音的e结尾的在词尾加-d.如:like—liked,live—lived,use—used,move—moved 3.以一个元音字母加一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写结尾的辅音字母,再加-ed.如:stop—stopped,trip—tripped 4.以辅音字母加y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed.如:study—studied,carry—carried,hurry—hurried,marry—married 不规则动词的过去式见课本后的不规则动词表.大体上归纳有以下六条记忆法:1.以t结尾的词,过去式与原形相同.如:put—put,let—let,cut—cut,beat—beat 2.以d结尾的词,把d变成t.如:build—built,lend—lent,send—sent,spend—spent 3.以n结尾的词,在词后加t.如:mean—meant,burn—burnt,learn—learnt 4.以ow aw结尾的词,把ow aw变成e法互瘁就诓脚搭协但茅w.如:blow—blew,draw—drew,know—knew,grow—grew 5.含有双写字母的词,将双写改为单写,在词尾加t.如:keep—kept,sleep—slept,feel—felt,smell—smelt 6.含有元音字母o i的词,将o i变成a.如:sing—sang,give—gave,sit—sat,drink—drank 规则动词词尾加-ed有三种读音:1.在清辅音后读作[t].如:asked,helped,watched,stopped 2在浊辅音和元音后读作[d].如:enjoyed,studied,moved,called 3.在t d后读作[id].如:wanted,needed 现在分词的构成方法如下 :一般情况下,直接在动词原形后面加 -ing.going asking finding working being seeing printing raining standing studying speaking spelling 以不发音的-e 结尾的动词,去-e ,再加-ing.coming taking firing encircling writing becoming breathing leaving 闭音节的单音节词,或以重读闭音节结尾的多音节词,这些词的末尾只有一个辅音字母时,双写这个辅音字母,再加 -ing.sitting running getting cutting stopping beginning planning permitting

可以从语法角度说下,下面的这句英语句子为啥是对的

  • I spent the evening slumped in front of the TV.我认为是spend doing something书上这个是啥意思?过去式还是过去分词
  • 这里spent 和slumped 不是一起搭配的动词词组,这里slumped 是用过去式的形式表示状态,其实更应该当成是形容词的词性,而不是过去式,spent 只修饰了the evening,slumped 在这里做状语,表示一种状态,再换一个角度,spend 修饰的动词肯定是可持续性的动词,slump 在这里不是,所以它俩也搭配不起来。

写出下列动词的过去式和过去分词 1.dig,2.get,3.hang(吊死),4.hang(悬挂)

  • 写出下列动词的过去式和过去分词 1.dig,2.get,3.hang(吊死),4.hang(悬挂) 5.hold,6.shine,7.sit 8.win,9.meet,10.keep,11.sleep,12.sweep,13.feel,14.smell,15.leave,16.build,17.lend,18.send,19.spend,20.lose
  • dig – dug – dugget – got -gothang – hung – hung(悬挂)hang – hanged – hanged(上吊绞死)hold – held – heldshine – shone – shonesit – sat – satwin – won – wonmeet – met – metkeep – kept – keptsleep – slept – sleptsweep – swept – sweptfeel – felt – feltsmell – smelt – smeltleave – left – leftbuild – built – builtlend – lent – lentsend – sent – sentspend – spent – spentlose – lost – lost这些都属于一类词,过去式和过去分词都是一样的。

spend to do和spend doing有什么区别

  • spend to do和spend doing有什么区别
  • 没有spend to do这个用法。spend的用法如下:spend in doing in 后面接动名词spend on sth 后面接名词或代词籂氦焚教莳寄锋犀福篓例句:I spent an hour in watching TV. 我看了一个小时的电视。I spent ten yuan on the book. 我花了十元买这本书。拓展:表示花费的几个词spend, take, cost和pay的用法区别1. spend的主语必须是人,常用于以下结构:(1) spend time /money onsth.在……上花费时间(金钱)。例:I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时。(2) spend time /money(in)doing sth. 花费时间(金钱)做某事。例:They spent two years (in) building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。(3)spend money for sth. 花钱买……。例:Hismoneywas spent for books. 他的钱用来买书了。2. cost的主语是物或某种活动,还可以表示“值”, 常见用法如下:(1)sth. costs (sb.) +金钱,某物花了(某人)多少钱。例:A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱。(2) (doing) sth. costs (sb.) +时间,某物(做某事)花了(某人)多少时间。例:Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time. 他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词。注意:cost的过去式及过去分词都是cost,并且不能用于被动句。3. take后面常跟双宾语,常见用法有以下几种:(1) It takes sb. +时间+to dosth.做某事花了某人多少时间。例:It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。(2)doing sth. takes sb. +时间,做某事花了某人多少时间。例:Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 他花了一下午修车。4. pay的基本用法是:(1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……。例:Ihaveto pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付20英磅的房租。(2)pay for sth. 付……的钱。例:Ihaveto pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款。(3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱。例:Don?蒺tworry!Illpay for you. 别担心,我会给你付钱的。(4)pay sb. 付钱给某人。 例: They pay useverymonth.他们每月给我们报酬。(5)pay money back 还钱。例:MayIborrow 12 yuan from you? Ill pay it back next week. 你能借给我12块钱吗?下周还你。(6)pay off ones money还清钱。…余下全文

cost pay spend和take的区别

  • cost pay spend和take的区别
  • spend,cost,take和pay的区别是历年中考试题的必考内容之一,虽然它们都可以表示“花费”,但用法却不尽相同. spend的主语必须是人, 常用于以下结构:(1) spend time /money on sth. 在……上花费时间(金钱).例:I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时.(2) spend time / money (in) doing sth. 花费时间(金钱)做某事.例:They spent two years (in) building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间.(3)spend money for sth. 花钱买…….例:His money was spent for books. 他的钱用来买书了. cost的主语是物或某种活动, 还可以表示“值”, 常见用法如下:(1)sth. costs (sb.) +金钱,某物花了(某人)多少钱.例:A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱.(2) (doing) sth. costs (sb.) +时间,某物(做某事)花了(某人)多少时间.例:Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time. 他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词. 注意:cost的过去式及过去分词都是cost,并且不能用于被动句. take后面常跟双宾语, 常见用法有以下几种:(1) It takes sb. +时间+to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间.例:It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路.(2)doing sth. takes sb. +时间,做某事花了某人多少时间.例:Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 他花了一下午修车. pay的基本用法是:(1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买…….例:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付20英磅的房租.(2)pay for sth. 付……的钱.例:I have to pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款.(3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱.例:Don?蒺t worry!Ill pay for you. 别担心, 我会给你付钱的.(4)pay sb. 付钱给某人. 例: They pay us every mo甫盯颠故郯嘎奠霜订睛nth.他们每月给我们报酬.(5)pay money back 还钱.例:May I borrow 12 yuan from you? Ill pay it back next week. 你能借给我12块钱吗?下周还你.(6)pay off ones money还清钱. spendcostpaytake (1)spend的主语通常是人,往往用于以下句型: (sb)spend some moneysome time on sth. (sb)spend some moneysome time(in……余下全文

cost,pay,spend和take的区别最好有例题

  • cost,pay,spend和take的区别最好有例题
  • 虽然它们都可以表示“花费”,但用法却不尽相同. spend的主语必须是人, 常用于以下结构:(1) spend time /money on sth. 在……上花费时间(金钱).例:I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时.(2) spend time / money (in) doing sth. 花费时间(金钱)做某事.例:They spent two years (in) building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间.(3)spend money for sth. 花钱买…….例:His money was spent for books. 他的钱用来买书了. cost的主语是物或某种活动, 还可以表示“值”, 常见用法如下:(1)sth. costs (sb.) +金钱,某物花了(某人)多少钱.例:A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱.(2) (doing) sth. costs (sb.) +时间,某物(做某事)花了(某人)多少时间.例:Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time. 他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词. 注意:cost的过去式及过去分词都是cost,并且不能用于被动句. take后面常跟双宾语, 常见用法有以下几种:(1) It takes sb. +时间+to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间.例:It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路.(2)doing sth. takes sb. +时间,做某事花了某人多少时间.例:Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 他花了一下午修车. pay的基本用法是:(1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买…….例:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付20英磅的房租.(2)pay for sth. 付……的钱.例:I have to pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款.(3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱.例:Don?蒺t worry!Ill pay for you. 别担心, 我会给你付钱的.(4)pay sb. 付钱给某人. 例: They pay us every month.他们每月给我们报酬.(5)pay money back 还钱.例:May I borrow 12 yuan from you? Ill pay it back next week. 你能借给我12块钱吗?下周还你.(6)pay off ones money还清钱. spendcostpaytake (1)spend的主语通常是人,往往用于以下句型: (sb)spend some moneysome time on sth. (sb)spend some moneysome time(in)doing sth.例如: I spent fifty yuan on the coat. = I spent fifty y……余下全文

cost take spend 的区别

  • cost take spend 的区别
  • take spend cost pay的用法都可以表示“花费”,但用法却不尽相同。  take 一般用it做主语,例:it take sb sometime to do sth.  spend 一般是人做主语,例:I spend an hour to finish my homework.  cost表示某物值什么的(价值或钱)例:The bool cost 200yuan.  pay一般是人做主语,例:I pay an hour to do my homework.  spend的主语必须是人, 常用于以下结构:  (1) spend time money on sth. 在……上花费时间(金钱)。例:I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时。  (2) spend time money (in) doing sth. 花费时间(金钱)做某事。例:They spent two years (in) building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。  (3)spend money for sth. 花钱买……。例:His money was spent for books. 他的钱用来买书了。  cost的主语是物或某种活动, 还可以表示“值”, 常见用法如下:  (1)sth. costs (sb.) +金钱,某物花了(某人)多少钱。例:A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱。  (2) (doing) sth. costs (sb.) +时间,某物(做某事)花了(某人)多少时间。例:Remembering these new words cost him a lo涪辅帝恍郜喝佃桶顶垃t of time. 他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词。  注意:cost的过去式及过去分词都是cost,并且不能用于被动句。  take后面常跟双宾语, 常见用法有以下几种:  (1) It takes sb. +时间+to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间。例:It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。  (2)doing sth. takes sb. +时间,做某事花了某人多少时间。例:Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 他花了一下午修车。  pay的基本用法是:  (1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……。例:I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付20英磅的房租。  (2)pay for sth. 付……的钱。例:I have to pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款。  (3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱。例:Don?蒺t worry!Ill pay for you. 别担心, 我会给你付钱的。  (4)pay sb. 付钱给某人。 例: They pay us every month.他们每月给我们报酬。  (5)pay money back 还钱。例:May I borrow 12 yuan fr……余下全文

一般情况下V+sb+doing sth、V+sth+doing sth、V+sb+to do sth中的doing sth、to do sth做什么语法成分?

  • 两个小疑问:1,这里的“doing sth”中的doing是动名词还是现在分词?为什么?2,如果说“V+sb+doing sth”中的“doing sth”是做宾语补足语,那“V+sth+doing sth”中的“doing sth”做宾语补足语就说不过去了吧?如“spend time doing sth”中的“doing sth”就不是补足语吧?
  • 是宾语补足语。宾语补足语指在英语中有些及物动词,接了宾语意义仍不完整,还需要有一个其他的句子成分,来补充说明宾语的意义、状态等,简称宾补。上面的例子中,spend time不足以说明语意,所以加doing sth 补充说明。主要有四种成分做宾语补足语,不定式、现在分词、过去分词、形容词或副词。doing sth是现在分词用法。现在分词和动名词形式完全一样,但是只能做主语,表语,宾语。

问个英语句子翻译的问题,当公式跟时态冲突时怎么办?

  • 公式: spend time+doing/on sth/with sb我造的how long have you learning English? 但是动词不是应该learn的过去分词吗?冲突了。该怎么翻译?
  • 嗯?这跟这个句型没关系啊,因为have的疑问句表现在完成时 ,learn 直接用过去分词learned 或learnt

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